This ethnonym belongs in the endonymic category i. During the height of the British Raj, many people from the then-undivided Indian subcontinent emigrated to other British colonies, in search of education and opportunity. After immigration reform in , the US dramatically increased immigration from the Indian subcontinent. Communities that have remained distinct in South Asia have tended to mix in diaspora. Some second or third generation immigrants do not think of themselves as belonging to a particular nation, sub-culture, or caste, but as just plain South Asians or desis, especially as intermarriage between different South Asian diaspora communities increases.
There is no need for one. The word Indian, is fine. It's widely used. If you are confused with the other use of the word, just say native American. It is simple. South Asian includes Pakistanis and Sri Lankans as well, and perhaps others. I would use Indian as an adjective rather than a noun. Usually sentences can be rearranged pretty easily to use the adjective form.
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This distinction is relevant for a variety of other groups— female and gay become borderline offensive used as nouns. There are in fact not a few Asian Indians living here in the two major cities as well. If confusion is possible you can't figure it out from context , often what you hear is "Indian dot " or "Indian feather ". However, that is in very relaxed circumstances. If you want to differentiate in a more formal way, we say "Native American" or sometimes "First Nations" or "Asian Indian".
For example, these are the terms used on US Census reports. Where there is likely to be confusion, people could use "Bharat" in place of "India". It is an offical name for the country is it is easy to say. I have cousins who are Native American and friends who are Indian, I think it is confusing that some people insist on calling Native Americans, Indians.
It was a historical mistake made by Columbus, because he thought he was in India. Why do people insist on continuing the practice when he has since been discredited, and we no longer even celebrate his holiday? Also we now have a lot of people from India living in the US, sometimes for more than one generation. What do we call them if we cannot call them Indian Americans? I have co-workers who call both groups of people Indians, then add the clarify "with feathers" or "with a dot. Also true Native Americans generally do not mind being called American Indians.
People from India are often referred to as "East Indians", in order to differentiate them from N. The term "East Indian" is quite acceptable and not offensive to a person from India. Indian is the correct, as people say. These terms are also more P. If someone asks you to specify, or you need to specify, "Indian from India Thank you for your interest in this question.
Because it has attracted low-quality or spam answers that had to be removed, posting an answer now requires 10 reputation on this site the association bonus does not count. Would you like to answer one of these unanswered questions instead? Home Questions Tags Users Unanswered. What would you call a person from India? Ask Question. Asked 8 years, 9 months ago. Active 4 years, 9 months ago.
Viewed k times. Is there a better name? Mari-Lou A Andomar Andomar 1 1 gold badge 2 2 silver badges 6 6 bronze badges. I find it ironic that you consider Indian to refer exclusively to Native Americans. Hence the question. Anyway, didn't all the Noldor sail the straight road long ago?
Andomar: Ah, fair enough. In any case, it stems from a historical mistake. In English, using "Indian" to refer to Native Americans is usually offensive, though not in other languages perhaps. There are many acceptable terms for American Indians, except "a guy with a feather on his head who hunts buffalo. Furthermore, the "buffalo" were hunted MUCH more almost to extinction by the white man. And yes, "Indian" is a term commonly used by American Indians to refer to themselves. Landsberg Mar 18 '13 at Tony Hillerman, the late Anglo author, wrote about asking at an intertribal conference how they felt about "Indian".
Jimi Oke Jimi Oke People from the country of India are Indians, unlike Native Americans - applying the term to them, if not offensive, is really incorrect based on a historical mistake.
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Actually, I asked some Native Americans about this a while back and they said they didn't mind the term Indian. They called themselves 'skins, in fact, for redskins. No kidding. These were Ogalala Sioux from Pine Ridge, too. Just to put the British International English perspective on it. Indians almost always refers to people from the Indian subcontinent of Asia. The except for the Native Americans comes in contextually only with old western movies, in the phrase "cowboys and indians" and the childrens' play and games based around that.
Just to add a little bit more of an int'l perspective still: In Canada the term Indian has fallen into disuse as well. The term First Nations is used to refer to the aboriginal peoples in a collective way. When referring to a specific band one would say something along the lines of, for example, the Haida First Nation. When referring to an individual you could say a First Nations person very politically correct or just refer to the specific nation, e.
Jay Jay But it was used so contemptuously by settlers that self-appointed spokesmen for -er- those people banned it. Linguistically, it's the best descriptive term: maybe it will be reclaimed, as nigger is being. Your commentary on American Indian matches my experience. History During the height of the British Raj, many people from the then-undivided Indian subcontinent emigrated to other British colonies, in search of education and opportunity.
Sikhism is practiced mainly by Punjabis. Many Sindhis also worship in Sikh Gurdwaras in Malaysia. Christianity is practiced by a minority of Tamil people. Trade contact with the Tamils predate the Islamic period c. Indonesians and Malays came to know about Islam initially through Gujarati merchants and further developed on by the Arab traders. Most of the Indian Muslim community has been absorbed into the larger Malay community due to their common religious background, with a substantially high level of assimilation and intermarriage between the communities.
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Sri Mahamariamman Temple in Kuala Lumpur. Anne's Church in Bukit Mertajam. Kapitan Keling Mosque in George Town. One of the biggest Hindu festivals in Malaysia is Thaipusam.
Thaipusam is dedicated to the Tamil deity Murugan which occurs on the day in the Tamil month of Thai January—February when the asterism Poosam is on the ascendant. It is celebrated in grand style in the temples of, George Town , Ipoh and Kuala Lumpur for three days. In Kuala Lumpur, Thaipusam has become an almost national seat for Poosam celebrations. The venue of the Kuala Lumpur celebrations is a picturesque shrine right inside a cave that lies many feet above the ground, and can only be approached by a steep climb.
This place, known as Batu Caves , is about eight miles from the city, and a chariot procession carrying the image of the deity to and from the place adds to the color and gaiety of the festival. Crowds from all over the country throng to the cave, including people of all classes and groups. It is above all a day of penance, on which all kinds of vows are fulfilled.
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One of the most significant rites performed is the carrying of the kavadi , a large wooden decorated arch, as an act of penance. When deities are taken on procession from one shrine to another, they would be followed by a number of these voluntary kavadi-bearers. In other towns and estates, kavadis would be carried for other festivals like Chittirai Paruvam. Some of the more rigid practitioners would bear spikes, spears, and hooks pierced into their bodies. The Chittirai Paruvam festival and festivals to the Tamil deity Mariamman are usually accompanied by a fire-walking ceremony.
Deepavali , popularly known as the 'Festival of Lights', is another major Hindu festival which is celebrated by all Hindu communities. Tamils celebrate Pongal which is a harvest festival usually held from 13—16 January. A similar festival known as Makar Sankranti is celebrated by most other Indian communities while the Punjabis call their harvest festival Lohri. Onam is the most popular festival celebrated by the Malayalee community and is usually observed in the month of August or September. Makar Sankranti is an important festival for Telugu community also celebrated as Pongal by Tamils.
Indian influences could be seen on modern Malaysia as well as on traditional Malay culture.
The diffusion of Indian culture is demonstrated with the following examples:. A good number of Tamil inscriptions as well as Hindu and Buddhist icons emanating from South India have been found in Southeast Asia and even in parts of south China. It is a short inscription indicating that an artificial lake named Avani-naranam was dug by nangur-Udaiyan which is the name of an individual who possessed a military fief at Nangur, being famous for his abilities as a warrior, and that the lake was placed under the protection of the members of the Manikkiramam which according to K.
Nilakanta Sastri, was a merchant guild living in the military camp. This refers to the trade relationship between the Tamil country and Malaya. Quaritch Wales. It is an inscribed stone bar, rectangular in shape, bears the ye-dharmma formula [nb 1] in South Indian characters of the 4th century AD, thus proclaiming the Buddhist character of the shrine near the find-spot site I of which only the basement survives.
The inscriptions are on three faces in Pallava Grantha script. The Ruler Raja Ganga fled from his empire into the forests with his queen and an infant heir. Raja Ganga left traces of hideout on a nearby hill in form of artefacts on stones. All these inscriptions, both Tamil and Sanskrit ones, relate to the activities of the people and rulers of the Tamil country of South India. The Tamil inscriptions are at least four centuries posterior to the Sanskrit inscriptions, from which the early Tamils themselves were patronizers of the Sanskrit language. In his log, Low recorded his disappointment of not finding a more spectacular ruin, expecting to find an ancient temple ruin.
He documented what he made out to be "a group of seven inscriptions". The inscriptions were believed to be in pre-Pallava script and written in Sanskrit. They were attributed to the ancient Kingdom of Kadaaram, which flourished in northern Malaysia in the 5th to 6th centuries. However, according to J Laidlay, who translated the text in , the inscription was in fact written in Pali - another ancient language of the Indian subcontinent. An element needed to carry out commercial transactions is a common language understood by all parties involved in early trade.
Historians such as J. Sebastian, K. Thirunavukkarasu, and A. Hamilton record that Tamil was the common language of commerce in Malaysia and Indonesia during historical times. In the 17th century, the Dutch East India Company was obliged to use Tamil as part of its correspondence. In Malacca and other seaports up to the 19th century, Malay terminology pertaining to book-keeping and accountancy was still largely Tamil. Indians have contributed significantly to the building of Malaysia since the 19th century. The Indian workforce was instrumental in the clearing of land for infrastructure, established rubber plantations, built the roads, set up transmission lines as well as managed early Malayan railways, ports and airports.
Indian doctors, chemists and veterinarians formed the bulk of medical personnel in Malaysia - their contributions still persist to present day. Indian civil servants formed the core of the civil service both pre- and post-independence. Indian teachers who were particularly fluent in the English language formed the backbone of Malaysian education, particularly in missionary schools. Indians also pioneered private education in Malaysia. A number of Malaysian Indian immigrants are found in Australia, and they tended to be highly qualified and speak English fluently and were therefore highly employable.
Human rights of religious and ethnic minorities in Malaysia , including Buddhists , Hindus , Sikhs , Indians and Malaysian Chinese , are systematically, officially and legally violated regularly in an institutionalised manner to induce forced conversions and ethnic cleansing to homogenise society to Islam. Among the notable people of Indian descent in Malaysia are K. David and Samy Vellu , all prominent Malaysian Indian politicians.
A number of notable Malays, including Mahathir Mohamad , also have part-Indian ancestry. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Main article: Greater India. Further information: Malaysian Indian Cuisine. Thirumurugan Temple in Tawau.
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Main article: Tamil and Sanskrit inscriptions in the Malay world. Main articles: Violation of human rights of religious and ethnic minorities in Malaysia , Racism against nonmuslims in Malaysia , Bigoted anti-minority Bumiputera laws , Islamic fundamentalism , Political Islam , and State terrorism. Main article: List of Malaysian Indians. Archived from the original on 12 February Department of Statistics, Malaysia.
Archived from the original on 12 August Singapore Department of Statistics. Malay Mail. Retrieved 4 February Shamsul Haque November American Behavioral Scientist. World Development. Retrieved 29 January The Malay Mail.
Indian Malaysian Online. The Indonesian Language: Its history and role in modern society. The Handbook of Tamil Culture and Heritage.
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Chicago: International Tamil Language Foundation. Nilakanta . Cholas fifth printing ed. Chennai: University of Madras. Rajoo Taib Osman ed. Malaysian World-view. Inst of Southeast Asian Studies. Archived from the original PDF on 5 February Retrieved 7 August Retrieved 25 April The Star. Nanyang Technological University. Archived from the original PDF on 4 April Retrieved 7 June Archived from the original PDF on 22 May Retrieved 17 June Indians in Malaysia and Singapore. London: Oxford University Press. Nilakanta Malayan Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society.
Tamil Influences in Malaysia, Indonesia, and the Philippines. Manila s. Cambridge University Press. A History of Kuala Lumpur — Suryanarayan 7 December The Hindu. Vinodh's Virtual Cyber Space. Archived from the original on 13 April Retrieved 13 April The Pali verse 'Ye Dhamma The Pali version never seems to have had any specific title. Ethnic groups in Malaysia.